Eugene Mitchell, more widely known as E.S. Mitchell (because of his hallmark), is a prolific silversmith who works almost exclusively in the technique of sandcasting. Unlike jewelry made with Sterling silver from a factory rolling mill, sandcast jewelry is made from poured molten silver cast in a tufa stone mold. It more closely resembles the hammered ingot jewelry of Harry Begay, but because it is not annealed multiple times like Harry's hammered ingot jewelry, it does not show as fine a grain to the silver.
This is a classic sandcast naja pendant with the twist of having a Christian cross incorporated in the design. Religious conversion came early to the Navajo, first from the Spanish and then a plethora of Protestant sects (as well as Mormons and Seventh Day Adventists) descended on them once the U.S. reservation system was established. So it is not uncommon to see Christian symbols mixed into the art of Navajo silverwork.
This pendant has a shepherd's hook on back for stringing it on a chain or on beads.
No hallmark, but stamped "Sterling" on back (this is not uncommon for Eugene to fail to hallmark his pieces).
Pendant: 2 7/16" across; 2 1/4" top to bottom